The Oriental rug industry across the world is certainly something on a grand scale, but what is interesting is that fact that whilst the majority of exports are from Iran (the modern region that used to be known as Persia), there are so many more types of rug you probably hadn’t known about until now.
Here are some to name just a few:
Originally known as Anatolian but Ushak is more precise and pinpoints the Turkish region from where such rugs are manufactured.
A carpet of Turkmen origin and has pride of place on the flag and coat of arms of the Turkmenistan nation
Central Asia is an obvious starting point for rug varieties but moving West from here we find:
Native to the Eastern European regions of western Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Bulgaria and Romania, these rugs differ slightly in style to central Asian products and feature brown or black backgrounds.
Named simply after the town in southwest England, Axminster carpets were inspired by Turkish rugs in the 18th century.
We can even go much further across the Atlantic ocean to the USA where we discover:
The skill of Navajo weaving is as much a commercial one as a practical one as it was used for creating clothing, bags and other essential items.
From the Middle East we can travel Eastwards where rug types exist such as:
The Tibetan craft uses material derived form the wool of the highland sheep and is becoming more widespread since the Tibetan diaspora have taken the skills into neighbouring India and Nepal
The Kasmiri rug trade arrived from Persia and maintains the traditional Persian design style albeit with local variations. In Kashmiri folklore, it is said that the presence of such a rug in the home, brings the entire house together into a unified whole.
Many rug types are distinct only in the fact that they were manufactured in a particular city or region which shows the pride the community has in their local variation in style or design features.